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Complacency, Larry Wilson

Why do people become so complacent that they do not even think about the risk anymore?

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Effectiveness of Multiple Hearing Protection Devices, Jeffrey White

The noise attenuation properties of aviation helmets and headsets play a key role in reducing permanent hearing loss. Research on hearing loss as it relates to flight hours, exposure and types of protection has been published by Fitzpatrick (1998) and by Gordon, Ahroon and Hill (2005). Those studies suggest there was known hearing loss over many hours of flight time with hearing protection. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the utility of these devices among aeromedical crewmembers and identify any improvements in hearing protection.

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Safety Expectations: Finding a Common Denominator, Vladimir Ivensky

Over the past decade, occupational injury rate reductions have primarily affected low-severity incidents, while serious injury and fatality rates decline more slowly. •One reason may be that operational leadership presumes OSH risks must be controlled equally regardless of severity potential. •This article discusses OSH risk assessment techniques as applied to zero harm programs, and ways to bring OSH expectations and strategies to a common denominator among various parties involved in a project.

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Hypercompliance: Too Much of a Good Thing?, Dave Rebbitt and Judith Erickson

Hypercompliance is about raising penalties around absolute rules. •Hypercompliance may be taking OSH in the wrong direction. •Raising penalties can result in employee disengagement. •More rules do not necessarily equate to a safer workplace.

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Microwave Hearing Effect, Denis Boulais

•Pulsed radiofrequency radiation is an invisible hazard that may cause exposed workers to hear noises for which there is no visual explanation. •This article explores whether this may result in workplace incidents caused by concentration loss. •This article discusses the hazard, its risks and risk controls in relation to this phenomenon.

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Safety Training John Wayne Style, Chad Barnes and Donald Kubik Jr.

What is better, online training or in-person training? This is a question I receive often from managers, supervisors and staff. The answer is simple: It depends. When considering all of the factors presented here, the authors agree with Wayne, and where possible, recommend a hands-on approach to training in which learning is accomplished by doing.

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Anatomy of a Program Development, Cory Worden

The March 2016 issue of HealthBeat discusses how workplace safety programs require diligence in the full circle of hazard identification, assessment and control. However, controlling a hazard requires more than the implementation of a physical hazard control or process. For example, purchasing equipment to handle patients does not actually control the hazard; it simply provides the tool to do so. In the same regard, developing a procedure for highly infectious disease exposure prevention does not control the hazard, it simply provides the process by which to do so.

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Proximity Detection Zones, Peter T. Bissert, Jacob L. Carr and Joseph P. DuCarme

Underground coal extraction commonly utilizes remote-controlled crawler-mounted heavy equipment known as continuous mining machines that cut coal from the solid formation. •Miners working with or near these machines are regularly exposed to the risk of serious injury from being struck or pinned. •Based on an analysis of 39 fatalities involving continuous mining machines, it is estimated that proximity detection systems can help prevent such injuries by preventing hazardous machine movements. •Design of proximity detection zones significantly affects the effectiveness of intelligent proximity detection systems.

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Leadership Lessons for OSH Professionals, E. Scott Geller

This article describes evidence-based leadership strategies for promoting and sustaining employee engagement for occupational safety. •Humanistic behaviorism is explained as a way to enhance the beneficial effect of behavior-based safety and nurture an injury-free workplace. •The article illustrates the history and progress of Actively Caring for People, a process that aims to cultivate a compassionate culture in which people routinely surpass the norm to benefit the safety, health and well-being of others.

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3-D Printing Hazards, Tim Ryan and Daniel Hubbard

Printing in three dimensions (3-D printing) constitutes an emergent technology for producing objects made of metals, biologicals and polymers. Already used in several industries, the process holds promise for larger-scale commercialization and, thereby, elevated worker exposures to process hazards. This article examines some of those hazards specifically. •This article frames the present state of 3-D printing and examines the literature about related hazards. •The authors also report original findings from a preliminary hazard assessment of the process and chemicals associated with a commercial-grade photopolymerization 3-D printer.

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