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Topic: Construction - General (Industry-Related)

 
 
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Fire & Ice: Protecting Workers in Extreme Temperatures, Donald J. Garvey

Fast-track projects make year-round work in adverse temperature conditions a common occurrence in construction. This article outlines the dangers of both heat and cold stress on the worker. It reviews multiple worker assessment methods, both instrumentation and observational, to help the frontline supervisor or OSH professional estimate worker risk to heat or cold stress injury. Based on the assessment, the OSH professional can select from multiple engineering, administrative and PPE controls to help maintain worker safety and health, as well as comfort during work in challenging temperature conditions.

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Leading Edge: Self-Retracting Lifelines: Calculating Fall Protection Clearance Distances, Scott Wenholz and Thomas V. Rizzi

Miscalculating required fall clearance distances contributes to fatal falls in construction. The issue is further complicated when using leading edge self-retracting lifelines (SRL-LE) in situations in which the anchorage point is located below a worker’s dorsal D-ring. The problem stems from unclear or misleading equipment documentation, as well as training programs and literature that inadequately address the issue. As a result, many authorized, competent and qualified fall protection persons may not fully understand the equipment limitations or how to properly calculate clearance distance when incorporating an SRL-LE.

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Written Safety Program: ABC Construction, Tareq Ismail

In this document, we will discuss a Safety Program that we have drafted in order to establish responsibility and accountability from Management to Subordinates, identify hazards, and to help prevent accidents for a safe working environment day in and day out. Through this safety program many aspects of safe work environment is created including; Assigning Responsibility and Accountability, Enforcement Policy, Jobsite Safety Inspections, Accident Investigations, Safety Training and Meetings, Reporting, Records, and Emergency/Evacuation Procedures.

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Multicausal Nature of Construction Incidents, John W. Mroszczyk

It is well known that construction work is dangerous. Construction employment is only 5% of the total workforce, yet has 15% to 22% of the total workforce fatalities (Mroszczyk, 2015a). While the construction industry and government agencies have made progress in reducing construction incidents, construction remains a risky place to work. Understanding the nature of construction incidents is important so that further improvements in safety can be realized.

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Prevention Through Design: For Hazards in Construction, Bruce K. Lyon, Georgi Popov and Elyce Biddle

•As indicated in the prevention through design (PTD) hierarchy of controls model, the most effective means of preventing and controlling occupational injuries, illnesses and fatalities in construction is to avoid, eliminate or minimize hazards and risks early in the planning and design process. •Applying PTD concepts in the construction process in both the system’s physical design and the means and methods of executing the construction tasks are vital in eliminating and reducing risk to constructors and users. •Despite the recent attention given to PTD in construction, many promising control technologies have not been transferred from research into practice.

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Indoor GPS: A Tool for Creating Safer Construction Sites, Antti Korhonen & Jonathan Horne

Improving job site safety, responding to emergencies, and analyzing incidents after the fact are enhanced when worker location can be monitored and recorded throughout a project.

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Near-Hit Reporting Reducing Construction Industry Injuries, Eric Marks, Ibukun G. Awolusi and Brian McKay

•The construction industry continues to rank as one of the most hazardous work environments, experiencing a high number of workplace injuries and fatalities. •Safety performance improvement is needed to achieve zero injuries, illnesses and fatalities on construction sites. One systematic method of achieving this improvement is through the collection and analysis of safety data such as near-hits. •This article highlights best practices for collecting and analyzing near-hit information. A near-hit management program for assessing collected data is created so that lessons learned from reported events can be applied to mitigate future hazards on construction sites.

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703 NIOSH Guardrail System--From Research to Field Evaluation to Production, Thomas G. Bobick, Brandon C. Takacs, E. A. McKenzie, Jr., Mark D. Fullen and Douglas M. Cantis

Workers falling from elevations is the primary cause of fatalities in the U.S. construction industry. The focus of this paper is on using guardrails to prevent workers from falling from elevated workplaces in residential construction.

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704 Growing Your Own Construction Safety Professionals, Richard Baldwin and Chris Claggett

Construction safety leaders are responsible for the development of safety professionals that they supervise. No matter what the source or the qualifications and experience of a staff member, improvement of their skills should always be emphasized and the resources allocated to make them more effective. College degrees and certifications are becoming ever more the standard among construction safety professionals. Yet there is ample opportunity for zealous and dedicated craft workers to progress to positions of responsibility as safety managers on construction projects and then further to more senior positions.

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Prevention Through Design in Construction Engineering, Ali A. Karakhan

Prevention through design (PTD), or design for construction safety, is the concept of protecting construction workers addressing safety in the design process. PTD is the most effective way of eliminating construction hazards. It represents the highest level of the hierarchy of controls

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