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Topic: Engineering - General (Industry-Related)

Resources File Type

Prevention Through Design: For Hazards in Construction, Bruce K. Lyon, Georgi Popov and Elyce Biddle

•As indicated in the prevention through design (PTD) hierarchy of controls model, the most effective means of preventing and controlling occupational injuries, illnesses and fatalities in construction is to avoid, eliminate or minimize hazards and risks early in the planning and design process. •Applying PTD concepts in the construction process in both the system’s physical design and the means and methods of executing the construction tasks are vital in eliminating and reducing risk to constructors and users. •Despite the recent attention given to PTD in construction, many promising control technologies have not been transferred from research into practice.


ATV Overturn, Melvin L. Myers

All-terrain vehicle crashes have killed more than 10,000 and injured hundreds of thousands of riders since 1985; most were related to overturns. •Behavior-based interventions have been implemented over decades reaching their limit of success. •As with tractors, engineering controls have the potential to mitigate or prevent most of these fatal and nonfatal injuries. •In this regard, much controversy has surrounded a single potentially effective crush prevention device.


Electrical Safety by Design & Maintenance, Dennis K. Neitzel

All who interact with industrial or commercial electrical power systems and equipment (e.g., owners, operators, installers, maintainers, outside service personnel, design consultants, manufacturers) must be concerned with electrical safety aspects of electrical installation design. Electrical safety must be an integral part of all designs, installations and maintenance of electrical systems and equipment.


Designer’s Liability, Ali A. Karakhan

Design professionals can be held liable for construction safety even though they do not show authority, demonstrate control or are not contractually obligated to address safety. •Implementing prevention through design (PTD) on construction projects could help eliminate hazards associated with construction activities. •Implementing PTD not only reduces construction incidents, but also yields great benefits for project parties relative to schedule, morale, constructability, cost and quality.


Prevention Through Design in Construction Engineering, Ali A. Karakhan

Prevention through design (PTD), or design for construction safety, is the concept of protecting construction workers addressing safety in the design process. PTD is the most effective way of eliminating construction hazards. It represents the highest level of the hierarchy of controls


693 ANSI/ASSE Z590.3 Prevention through Design: Where Are We Two Years Later?, Chris Shulenberger, Donna Heidel, Jeanne Guerin, Barbara Faville and Robert Nocco

A growing number of industry leading companies and technical support professionals are embracing the concepts behind ANSI Z590.3 Prevention through Design. Integrating Human Factors and Ergonomics into the initial designs as well as any upgrades to existing facilities/equipment is a business value proposition because of its impact not only on Safety but also Quality, Productivity, and Human Resources.


659 Background, Updates, Impacts, Nuances and Making EM 385-1-1 Work for You and Safe Production, Pete B. Rice, Dave Parker and Paul J. Colangelo

Over 30 years before the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) published their first set of safety standards, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) developed their Requirements Engineering Manual, EM 385-1-1. The most recent version of the EM 385-1-1contains a multitude of references to OSHA’s federal regulations as well as many parallel requirements, but there are several nuances that contractors need to examine and prepare for before work begins on a federal construction project. This paper tation will briefly identify what and who is the USACE, updates to EM 385-1, impacts on your safety planning, around the nuisances of the Corp standards and making EM 385-1-1 work for your organization.


611 Supporting Prevention through Design (PtD) Solutions Using a Business Case, Elyce Anne Biddle and Georgi Popov

Despite the attention to ensuring the safety and health of workers through the application of prevention through design (PtD) concepts, too many promising control technologies (engineering design solutions)—those grounded in PtD—have not been transferred from research into practice. Although proof of preventing occupational injury, illness, or fatality alone has often driven industry to make changes, the lack of adoption of these effective solutions has clearly demonstrated that there were others reasons behind safety, health and environmental (SH&E) business decisions. The challenge for occupational safety and health professionals is to describe the value of SH&E efforts in terms that are understood and accepted within a business.


762 Virtual Design & Construction for Safer Construction Projects, David B. Korman and Albert Zulps

Virtual Design and Construction (VDC/BIM) may be used to plan and communicate project safety measures and to improve project safety during construction and in facility operations. Creating a virtual building in 3D allows for a clear understanding of the proposed building by all stakeholders, regardless of their ability to read drawings. The building is spatially correct and can therefore be used for to identify and mitigate safety hazards in the planning stage that would affect construction and operations of the building. This paper will review how VDC/BIM may be used throughout all phases of the project lifecycle to enhance safety.


577 Safely Managing the Design and Use of Automated Control Systems, Joel M. Haight

Today in our state of advancing and improving technology, some say we are faced with the “automation paradox” and others refer to automated control systems as “the ironies of automation”. Lisanne Bainbridge (1983) told us more than 30 years ago that the more automated a system becomes, the more important it is to appropriately integrate human contributions into the system. No one would argue against the fact that automated control systems provide many benefits. Benefits, such as improved efficiency, reliability, accuracy, safety, etc. are no secret; however, there is a price; our human operators lose skill, knowledge, decision-making capability and reaction-time if they are not able to engage with the system each day.


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