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•As indicated in the prevention through
design (PTD) hierarchy of controls model,
the most effective means of preventing and
controlling occupational injuries, illnesses
and fatalities in construction is to avoid,
eliminate or minimize hazards and risks
early in the planning and design process.
•Applying PTD concepts in the construction
process in both the system’s physical
design and the means and methods
of executing the construction tasks are
vital in eliminating and reducing risk to
constructors and users.
•Despite the recent attention given to PTD
in construction, many promising control
technologies have not been transferred
from research into practice.
All-terrain vehicle crashes
have killed more than
10,000 and injured hundreds
of thousands of riders since
1985; most were related to
have been implemented
over decades reaching
their limit of success.
•As with tractors, engineering
controls have the
potential to mitigate or
prevent most of these fatal
and nonfatal injuries.
•In this regard, much controversy
has surrounded a
single potentially effective
crush prevention device.
All who interact with industrial or commercial
electrical power systems and equipment (e.g.,
owners, operators, installers, maintainers, outside
service personnel, design consultants, manufacturers)
must be concerned with electrical safety aspects of
electrical installation design. Electrical safety must be
an integral part of all designs, installations and maintenance
of electrical systems and equipment.
Design professionals can be held liable for construction safety even though they do not show authority, demonstrate control or are not contractually obligated to address safety.
•Implementing prevention through design (PTD) on construction projects could help eliminate hazards associated with construction activities.
•Implementing PTD not only reduces construction incidents, but also yields great benefits for project
parties relative to schedule, morale, constructability, cost and quality.
Prevention through design (PTD), or design for construction safety, is the concept of protecting construction workers addressing safety in the design process. PTD is the most effective way of eliminating construction hazards. It represents the highest level of the hierarchy of controls
A growing number of industry leading companies and technical support professionals are embracing the concepts behind ANSI Z590.3 Prevention through Design. Integrating Human Factors and Ergonomics into the initial designs as well as any upgrades to existing facilities/equipment is a business value proposition because of its impact not only on Safety but also Quality, Productivity, and Human Resources.
Virtual Design and Construction (VDC/BIM) may be used to plan and communicate project
safety measures and to improve project safety during construction and in facility
operations. Creating a virtual building in 3D allows for a clear understanding of the proposed
building by all stakeholders, regardless of their ability to read drawings. The building is spatially
correct and can therefore be used for to identify and mitigate safety hazards in the planning stage
that would affect construction and operations of the building. This paper will review how
VDC/BIM may be used throughout all phases of the project lifecycle to enhance safety.
Today in our state of advancing and improving technology, some say we are faced with the “automation paradox” and others refer to automated control systems as “the ironies of automation”. Lisanne Bainbridge (1983) told us more than 30 years ago that the more automated a system becomes, the more important it is to appropriately integrate human contributions into the system. No one would argue against the fact that automated control systems provide many benefits. Benefits, such as improved efficiency, reliability, accuracy, safety, etc. are no secret; however, there is a price; our human operators lose skill, knowledge, decision-making capability and reaction-time if they are not able to engage with the system each day.
PtD addresses worker exposure to
hazards during the design stages of
a project. One of the best ways to
prevent and control occupational
injuries, illnesses, and fatalities
is to “design out” or minimize
hazards and risks. NIOSH leads a
national initiative called Prevention
through Design (PtD). PtD’s
purpose is to promote this concept
and highlight its importance in
all business decisions.
This Engineer Manual (EM) presents a comprehensive summary of the dredging
equipment and dredged material placement techniques used by the U.S. Army Corps of
Engineers (USACE), and it describes management and design processes associated with newwork
and maintenance dredging related to navigation projects. Guidance is provided on a. Evaluation and selection of dredging equipment for various materials to be dredged. b. Planning, designing, constructing, operating, and managing environmentally acceptable open-water and confined dredged material placement areas for both short- and long-term placement (disposal) needs. c. Planning, designing, developing, and managing dredged material for beneficial uses while...
The Body of Knowledge project is dedicated to creating a living reference that represents the collective knowledge of the Safety, Health and Environmental profession. While the preliminary work has begun, there is still more to do. The purpose of this website is to introduce subject areas that will eventually be part of the Body of Knowledge, and to gather feedback on the future direction, and ongoing assessment of what needs to be completed.
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