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Effectiveness of Multiple Hearing Protection Devices, Jeffrey White

The noise attenuation properties of aviation helmets and headsets play a key role in reducing permanent hearing loss. Research on hearing loss as it relates to flight hours, exposure and types of protection has been published by Fitzpatrick (1998) and by Gordon, Ahroon and Hill (2005). Those studies suggest there was known hearing loss over many hours of flight time with hearing protection. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the utility of these devices among aeromedical crewmembers and identify any improvements in hearing protection.


OSHA Standards Why Do They Take So Long?, Jim Maddux

OSHA staff members are often asked, “Why do standards take so long?” In fact, as the saying goes, if I had a few dollars for each time I have been asked this question, I would be rich. OSHA is a complex agency involved in various types of work. OSHA staff inspect workplaces; set enforcement policy; issue guidance; maintain current web pages; develop and deliver training; administer voluntary programs such as partnerships, alliances and the Voluntary Protection Programs; conduct oversight of state OSHA programs, consultation agencies and education centers; and manage and administer in the federal government bureaucracy. The main reason that OSHA standards take so long is because the regulatory process is designed to be slow and deliberate.


Realizing Effective Leadership Skills in OSH Management, Iain M. Burnet

OSH practitioners must embrace the realization of effective leadership skills in everyday management. This article outlines four processes that contribute to an inherent leadership approach or particular progression of skills and personal traits. This includes leadership development, teamwork and communication, organizational leadership and creating a safety culture.


Safety 2015 Proceedings, ASSE

ASSE Safety 2015 Proceedings.


Safety 2014 Proceedings, ASSE

ASSE Safety 2014 Proceedings.


761 Finding Answers Using the ASSE Body of Knowledge, Ann E. Schubert

The American Society of Safety Engineers (ASSE) offers assistance to both safety professionals and employers of safety professionals through its on-line resource the Body of Knowledge. This powerful tool helps users identify best practices to better protect people, property, and the environment. For professionals in the field seeking resources and guidance, the Body of Knowledge includes checklists, technical papers, presentation information, training material, and program outlines in a variety of formats including web links, Word documents, PDFs, PowerPoint slides, and videos.


642 Golf Carts Utility Carts--They Are Not Just for Golf Anymore, Paul E. Allen

Golf carts are being used for applications beyond the golf course. They are being used as transportation vehicles in communities, campuses, large warehouses, parks, and airports. The carts are also used for utility purposes such as moving materials and equipment. In addition, devices such as Segways, scooters, 4-wheelers, and all-terrain vehicles (ATV) are also being used for a variety of workplace applications. With the evolving use of these vehicles, it is important to understand the risks and requirements of operating them safely. A good understanding of the hazards, the regulations, and the basic controls can help form a foundation of the golf cart utility cart risk management program.


611 OSHA's General Duty Clause: A Guide to Enforcement and Legal Defenses, Adele L. Abrams

The General Duty Clause (GDC), Section 5(a)(1) of the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970, was intended to serve as a “gap filler” to address recognized hazards that the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) has not yet regulated. To establish a violation of the GDC, the Secretary of Labor must prove: (1) that the employer failed to render its workplace free of a hazard which was (2) “recognized” and (3) causing or likely to cause death or serious physical harm and (4) that feasible means exist to free the workplace of the hazard.


605 Look Up - The Roof's on Fire, Richard P. Luongo and Aaron J. Kalisher

Photovoltaic (PV) renewable energy continues to grow on a global basis. Currently, Europe leads the world with nearly 75% of total installations; however, the United States now produces 10% of the world’s remaining solar capacity. Due to a velocity of growth in this industry, vulnerabilities to unintended consequences may include fires, building collapse, electrocution, injuries/fatalities to workers, including slips, trips and falls, and the impairment of fire-fighting activities. This report will highlight the challenges and importance of embedding safety management for the successful design, commissioning and ongoing maintenance of rooftop PV installations.


594 Playground Safety: The Hidden Hazards Lurking in Your Schoolyard or Local Park, Howard W. Spencer

Playgrounds are an important element in the growth of children. They provide a “safe” place to test muscular challenges, learn personal interaction and build self-confidence. However, playgrounds can also be a source of injury, when: the equipment is improperly installed or maintained. These injuries are not confined to a few aging playgrounds. Safety problems are widespread. In a nationwide survey of 760 playgrounds, 87% lacked adequate protective surfaces, 42% had equipment with head-entrapment hazards, and 40% had equipment with protruding parts that could cause clothing to become entangled.


What is the BOK?

The Body of Knowledge project is dedicated to creating a living reference that represents the collective knowledge of the Safety, Health and Environmental profession. While the preliminary work has begun, there is still more to do. The purpose of this website is to introduce subject areas that will eventually be part of the Body of Knowledge, and to gather feedback on the future direction, and ongoing assessment of what needs to be completed.

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