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PFDs That Work: Dungeness Crabbers, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)

Falling overboard is the second leading cause of death among commercial fishermen nationwide. Of the 182 fishermen who died from falls overboard between 2000 and 2011 NONE of them were wearing a personal flotation device (PFD). Researchers from the University of Washington, Oregon Health Science University and the NIOSH Alaska Pacific Office conducted an evaluation with commercial Dungeness crab fishermen in Oregon to rate the comfort and acceptability of five modern personal flotation devices (PFDs). Fifty fishermen were asked to evaluate a PFD for one month while working on deck so that wearable PFDs could be identified. This document shows which PFDs were preferred by Dungeness crabbers.


Steering Toward Effective Business Auto Loss Control, Paul Ferrell

According to the International Organization for Standardization’s (ISO) Engineering and Safety Service (E&S) report CV-15-08, “The evaluation of a commercial auto exposure for a motor carrier is uniquely different from that of other insurance exposures.” This is true for a number of reasons. Perhaps the most pertinent of which is that the job site where a safety or loss control professional could make direct observation of conditions and performance is unique to each employee- driver, and is literally on the move daily. The dynamic exposure presented by other drivers on the highway is highly unpredictable and seemingly uncontrollable.


Achieving Support for Driver Risk Management Solutions in a Union Environment, Del Lisk

This behavior-based solution has been proven to reduce risky driving, as well as vehicle collisions and their associated costs. For example, a study funded by the Federal Motor Carriers Safety administration found that the two fleets reduced risky driving behaviors by 52% and 37%, respectively. In the first, after the San Francisco Municipal Transit Authority installed the solution in their 800 buses, vehicle collisions were reduced from 964 to 483—a 50 % reduction in incidents.


Out of Sight & Out of Mind, Keith Bain & Mike Bohnenkamp

In an effort to reduce operating costs, more employers are limiting the number of company cars they provide employees or eliminating their company car programs altogether. However, the need to use vehicles for business purposes usually does not. To meet this need, employers may provide a pool car(s), have employees rent a vehicle when traveling, or ask employees to use their personal vehicle for company business. The result is a hired and/or non-owned automobile exposure that is often overlooked, ignored or brushed aside as incidental.


DOT Compliance & Auto Safety, Charlie Halfen

An organization must take several actions to establish a work environment in which safety is truly valued. The first step will always be a diagnosis and assessment of current work structure. The organization must understand the extent of its safety concerns and identify the most problematic areas. Diagnosis is a systematic approach to reviewing the injury, crash and compliance history along with the identification of corresponding training and responsibility. An evaluation of the quality and adherence to the current safety process will lead to an overall assessment of the safety culture of the carrier.


Work Zones: The Right Pause for a Good Cause, Bennett Ghormley

In 2010, less than 1% of the (work zone) WZ crashes had fatalities. One would think that most fatalities happen at night, but just like in Wyoming, more than 70% of the deaths in WZ crashes were in broad daylight. Another 2010 statistic is that more than four people every hour or one every 14 minutes were injured in a WZ crash.


SafetyHAT: A Transportation System Safety Hazard Analysis Tool, US Department of Transportation

The transportation systems Safety Hazard Analysis Tool (SafetyHAT) is a software tool that facilitates hazard analysis using the System-Theoretic Process Analysis (STPA).


Innovations in Road Safety, Bala Siva Srikanth Adivi

Q&A With Ali Al-Failakawi, Team Leader HSE, Kuwait Oil Company, Kuwait. Ali Al-Failakawi is the winner of the 2014 Safety Management Innovation Award. The Award for Innovation in Occupational Safety Management recognizes those who bring innovation and creativity to managing safety in the workplace.


Track Driver Qualification File Expirations, Faustina Washburn

Easy tracking of expiration dates for commercial license, medical, and motor vehicle reports for commercial drivers. Just enter the drivers' data then the EXCEL date cell will turn color yellow at 30 days until expiration, orange at 10 days from expiration and red when expired. Easy to track instead of looking in files.


Crude Oil: Variability of Material Risks & Hazards, ASSE

Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA) has issued a safety alert to advise shippers/offerors of the potential variability of material risks and hazards from crude oil extraction and production. Raw material sources may have inconsistencies in chemical properties, and PHMSA advises shippers/offerors to appropriately account for the potential variability of the crude oil in their material testing. PHMSA also advises emergency responders to be aware of the risks associated with crude oil transportation due to increases in transportation and the wide range of crude oil properties.


What is the BOK?

The Body of Knowledge project is dedicated to creating a living reference that represents the collective knowledge of the Safety, Health and Environmental profession. While the preliminary work has begun, there is still more to do. The purpose of this website is to introduce subject areas that will eventually be part of the Body of Knowledge, and to gather feedback on the future direction, and ongoing assessment of what needs to be completed.

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