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Applied Science and Engineering
Cost Analysis and Budgeting
Benchmarking and Performance Criteria
Many times, traffic safety issues come to the forefront following an incident or near miss. However,
safety professionals can take a more proactive view of site safety and efficiency by conducting road safety audits (RSA). These audits are especially helpful for large sites, such as office or educational campuses, large construction sites, petrochemical facilities and manufacturing locations. When coupled with lessons learned from public roadways, RSAs can be a useful tool for hazard mitigation.
ASSE Safety 2015 Proceedings.
ASSE Safety 2014 Proceedings.
Some estimates are that rural roads have a 3 times higher accident rate than all other roads. Recently Map-21 eliminated the High Risk Rural Road program in an effort to streamline
funding and may eliminate Federal dollars being targeted to the rural road system. The problem will only be getting worse. The changing demographics that characterizes the urban/rural interface has not been well researched and not the result is it is not well planned. A collective approach will be needed to reduce accidents on rural roads and that educating drivers who drive on them, farmers to
non-residence, will be the key to further reductions.
The American Society of Safety Engineers (ASSE) offers assistance to both safety professionals
and employers of safety professionals through its on-line resource the Body of Knowledge. This
powerful tool helps users identify best practices to better protect people, property, and the
environment. For professionals in the field seeking resources and guidance, the Body of Knowledge includes checklists, technical papers, presentation information, training material, and program outlines in a variety of formats including web links, Word documents, PDFs, PowerPoint slides, and videos.
Motor carriers’ safety performance is measured via the Comprehensive Safety Accountability
(CSA) initiative established in 2010. The CSA operation model is made up of three main
elements: measurement, evaluation, and intervention. The focus of this session is on
intervention. An investigative tool was introduced January 2013 by the Federal Motor Carrier
Safety Administration (FMCSA). The investigative tool is called “Safety Management Cycle”
Costs associated with motor-vehicle accidents such as vehicle repair and medical treatment
are widely recognized. In addition to recognized costs, there are also insurance fees as well as
costs that may fall outside of the responsibility of the insurer. While most work-related injury
costs for the employee may fall under Workers’ Compensation (as an exclusive remedy), punitive
damages associated with failure to manage fleet risk effectively, do not.
The General Duty Clause (GDC), Section 5(a)(1) of the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970, was intended to serve as a “gap filler” to address recognized hazards that the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) has not yet regulated. To establish a violation of the GDC, the Secretary of Labor must prove: (1) that the employer failed to render its workplace free of a hazard which was (2) “recognized” and (3) causing or likely to cause death or serious physical harm and (4) that feasible
means exist to free the workplace of the hazard.
Distracted driving occurs any time you take your eyes off the road, your hands off the wheel, and your mind off your primary task: driving safely. Any non-driving activity you engage in is a potential distraction and increases your risk of being involved in a motor vehicle crash. NIOSH provides key information on this web page.
The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) performed a scientific review of workplace safety in the Amendment 80 (A80) trawl fleet to understand the trends and identify opportunities to enhance safety for crews on these vessels. Researchers found that the annual number of injuries in the A80 fleet was 34 per year during 2001-2012 for a total of 409 work-related injuries (25 fatal, 384 non-fatal). The risk for non-fatal injuries was 43 injuries per 1,000 full-time equivalent employees, about four times higher than average U.S. workers.
The Body of Knowledge project is dedicated to creating a living reference that represents the collective knowledge of the Safety, Health and Environmental profession. While the preliminary work has begun, there is still more to do. The purpose of this website is to introduce subject areas that will eventually be part of the Body of Knowledge, and to gather feedback on the future direction, and ongoing assessment of what needs to be completed.
Contribute your knowledge and be a part of something big.