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Occupational Driving: Calibrating Skills & Performance, William J. Horrey, Mary F. Lesch and Marvin J. Dainoff

Humans often make inflated estimates of their own ability or performance, which can affect decision making, risk taking and safety. This article describes a conceptual framework for calibration in driving, which is grounded in attention and a variety of contextual factors, along with its implications for performance, behavior and risk perception. It discusses implications for occupational settings and the role and impact of new in-vehicle technology and automation. The article describes potential inroads for addressing the issues of calibration in the work setting.

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OSH Certifications: Behind the Exams, Cheryl L. (Cheri) Marcham, Treasa M. Turnbeaugh and Nicola J. Wright

The process of developing and scoring a certification exam is complicated and uses a scientific and mathematic psychometric process to achieve defendable outcomes. How much of the process is well understood by either the general public, employers or even safety and health professionals? This article presents information intended to help OSH professionals understand why and how a properly developed and administered certification exam shows the mark of excellence in the field of safety and health.

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Air Transportation: Actions to Improve Employee Safety, Mark A. Friend, Alan J. Stolzer and Michael O’Toole

The air transportation industry’s incidence rate for nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses is nearly four times the national rate for all private industry.

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Safety Climate: How Can You Measure It & Why Does It Matter?, Yueng-Hsiang (Emily) Huang, Susan Jeffries, George D. (Don) Tolbert and Marvin J. Dainoff

This article discusses a study designed to better understand safety climate in the lone worker environment and its potential impact on safety performance. The authors developed and tested the validity of a generic safety climate sur- vey geared toward the lone working situation, then developed two safety climate surveys designed for trucking and utility workers. The article presents the scientific integrity of the survey development process, and discusses the concepts of survey reliability and validity evidence. It also offers practical suggestions on how to implement surveys in the field.

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Sanitary Transportation of Human & Animal Food, Brian Hammer

The Sanitary Transportation of Human and Animal Food rule enacted by Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) Food Safety Modernization Act (FSM) is now final. The rule advances FDA’s efforts to protect food from farm to table by helping to keep them safe from contamination during transportation.

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Falls From Cargo Tankers, Albert Weaver III and Cynthia H. Sink

Working on top of cargo tankers presents risks such as falling and exposure to hazardous materials. •Using a fill-level gauge to determine the fill level can eliminate the need for personnel to be on top of a cargo tanker. •Considerations for installing a fill-level gauge include pricing, safety and applicability to the material being transported. •With the cost of fill-level gauges starting at $40, their addition to cargo tankers increases worker safety without placing an undue cost burden on the transporter.

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724 Improving Traffic Safety and Efficiency for Large Sites, Thomas E. Kramer and Scott A. Knebel

Many times, traffic safety issues come to the forefront following an incident or near miss. However, safety professionals can take a more proactive view of site safety and efficiency by conducting road safety audits (RSA). These audits are especially helpful for large sites, such as office or educational campuses, large construction sites, petrochemical facilities and manufacturing locations. When coupled with lessons learned from public roadways, RSAs can be a useful tool for hazard mitigation.

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Safety 2015 Proceedings, ASSE

ASSE Safety 2015 Proceedings.

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Safety 2014 Proceedings, ASSE

ASSE Safety 2014 Proceedings.

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767 Developing and Communicating Expectations for Motor Vehicle Operation, Peter Van Dyne

The use of motor vehicles to transport workers, move materials, and transport products is essential for business. Motor vehicle use also has significant costs associated with crashes, crash-related injuries, and injuries related to the non-driving use of motor vehicles. Every business needs to have formal plans to reduce the potential for crashes and the financial risk associated with using motor vehicles. Companies using large and medium trucks typically have formal fleet safety programs; however, fleets with medium to smaller vehicles have often paid more attention to compliance-type programs, which have a much lower potential to cause death or serious injury.

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