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Applied Science and Engineering
Cost Analysis and Budgeting
Benchmarking and Performance Criteria
This report was funded by CPWR under its Small Studies Program. The authors examined an important claim by OSHA that Injury and Illness Prevention Programs (IIPPs) dramatically reduce workplace injuries. OSHA predicts that individual employers adopting IIPPs will experience as much as a 35 percent drop in injuries, and statewide adoption of mandatory IIPPs would result in a 12 percent decline. This current study, a fixed effects panel data model of injury rates in U.S. construction from 1982 to 2008, shows that controlling for confounding factors including changes in reporting culture, long-term trends in injury reduction, business cycle and other economic factors, mandatory IIPPs reduce total construction injury rates by 32 percent and lost workday injuries by 38 percent in areas of low union density. As construction union density rises, the impact of IIPPs declines. The relatively weak impact of both mandatory and quasi?voluntary IIPPs in more heavily unionized construction is explained by the greater prevalence of joint union?management training programs which provide practices and procedures similar to those promoted by IIPPs. The study's key findings: 1. The presence of mandatory and incentivized IIPPs has a larger impact in reducing most types of construction injury rates compared to either type of program alone or no program at all. 2. The effect of IIPPs is concentrated in nonunionized construction environments. 3. The effect of IIPPs in reducing injury rates is stronger for more serious injuries and weakest for light?duty injuries, and the effect of IIPPs can be seen not only in the reduction of injury rates but also in a shift in the distribution of injury accidents towards milder forms of injuries. 4. The use of past workers? compensation rates and other economic and demographic control variables are useful in reducing the confounding effect of changes in injury reporting culture on the measure reported injury rates over time. 5. The presence of union workers by itself, lowers injury rates: a 1 percentage point increase in the state?level construction unionization rate leads 3.6 percent decline in days?away?from?work injuries, a 2.9 percent decline in lost?work injuries, a 1 percent decline in light?duty injuries and 3.3 percent decline in no?lost?work injuries. The overall injury rate falls by 3 percent. Similar to the IIPP effect, the presence of potentially better trained union workers reduce serious injuries and shift the accident distribution towards milder injuries.
The NIOSH Buy Quiet web resource highlights the benefits of a buy quiet program, explains how to establish such a program in a workplace, and offers a video and posters to drive the message home. Buy Quiet programs can reduce the impact of noise on communities and help companies comply with Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and other noise regulations and requirements. In addition, buy quiet programs may also reduce the potential long-term costs of audiometric testing, personal protective equipment, and workers' compensation. This online resource also includes access to the power tools database, which contains noise level data for a variety of common power tools, and a link to the NIOSH Hearing Compendium to assist employers and workers in choosing appropriate hearing protection.
3M Corporation is voluntarily recalling their SWSW Series Mobile SkyWalk horizontal lifeline systems because they may not meet OSHA requirements at 29 CFR 1910.66, 1926.502 and may not arrest a fall in the working clearances stated in 3M user manuals. This system was previously sold under the name Aearo Series Mobile SkyWalk system or SafeWaze Series Mobile SkyWalk system. 3M requests that users inspect the power break and look for part number SWSW-18 on the label. The company requests that you immediately identify, stop use, and quarantine all Mobile SkyWalk horizontal lifeline systems as part of the recall.
This notice concerns the DBI-SALA Lad-Saf Flexible Cable Ladder Safety System, also known as a 'Safety Climb System.' Capital Safety has received a limited number of reports of 7x19 strand carrier cable slippage from the carrier clamp in the top bracket of these ladder safety systems. Although this top bracket design has been used in the market for more than 40 years without incident, the reported slippage raises the potential for injury to users of affected systems. Based on analysis of component manufacture dates, the affected systems are systems using 3/8 inch 7x19 strand galvanized cable, with top bracket assemblies (including carrier clamps) purchased from Capital Safety between September 1, 2013 and May 13, 2014.
This graphic is one of five taken from an infographic created by CPWR. The data for this graphic came from a poster presentation by CPWR's Data Center at the American Public Health Association conference, 2013. The poster can be downloaded from: http://www.cpwr.com/sites/default/files/publications/thumbnails/APHA%202013%20New%20coding%20Poster_Data%20Center.jpg
This image is one of five from an infographic on U.S. deaths from falls. This map shows the location of fatal construction falls in the U.S. in 2013. An interactive version can be viewed at StopConstructionFalls.com that provides details about the individual fatalities.
This image is one of five from an infographic on U.S. deaths from falls. This information is from the Construction Chart Book, Page 44, Chart 44e. It shows that roofs, ladders and scaffolds are the most common locations for fatal falls. The Chart Book data can be found at: http://www.cpwr.com/sites/default/files/publications/CB%20page%2044.pdf
This image is one of five from an infographic on U.S. deaths from falls. This information is from the Construction Chart Book, Page 43, Chart 43a and depicts that falls are the leading killer of construction workers at 33%. Transportation is next with 26%. The Chart Book data can be found at: http://www.cpwr.com/sites/default/files/publications/CB%20page%2043.pdf
This image is one of five from an infographic on U.S. deaths from falls. This information is from the CPWR Construction Chart Book, Chart 38a and depicts that construction work has more fatalities than any other sector. The Chart Book data can be found at: http://www.cpwr.com/sites/default/files/publications/CB%20page%2038.pdf
The Body of Knowledge project is dedicated to creating a living reference that represents the collective knowledge of the Safety, Health and Environmental profession. While the preliminary work has begun, there is still more to do. The purpose of this website is to introduce subject areas that will eventually be part of the Body of Knowledge, and to gather feedback on the future direction, and ongoing assessment of what needs to be completed.
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