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Near-Hit Reporting Reducing Construction Industry Injuries, Eric Marks, Ibukun G. Awolusi and Brian McKay

•The construction industry continues to rank as one of the most hazardous work environments, experiencing a high number of workplace injuries and fatalities. •Safety performance improvement is needed to achieve zero injuries, illnesses and fatalities on construction sites. One systematic method of achieving this improvement is through the collection and analysis of safety data such as near-hits. •This article highlights best practices for collecting and analyzing near-hit information. A near-hit management program for assessing collected data is created so that lessons learned from reported events can be applied to mitigate future hazards on construction sites.

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OSHA Standards Why Do They Take So Long?, Jim Maddux

OSHA staff members are often asked, “Why do standards take so long?” In fact, as the saying goes, if I had a few dollars for each time I have been asked this question, I would be rich. OSHA is a complex agency involved in various types of work. OSHA staff inspect workplaces; set enforcement policy; issue guidance; maintain current web pages; develop and deliver training; administer voluntary programs such as partnerships, alliances and the Voluntary Protection Programs; conduct oversight of state OSHA programs, consultation agencies and education centers; and manage and administer in the federal government bureaucracy. The main reason that OSHA standards take so long is because the regulatory process is designed to be slow and deliberate.

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Scanning for Safety, A. Ken Brooks Jr.

The keys to conducting an effective safety inspections are to know the goals, identify who should perform the inspection and what tools to use, understand how to find hazards and make sure to complete all of the follow-up procedures

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Prevention Through Design in Construction Engineering, Ali A. Karakhan

Prevention through design (PTD), or design for construction safety, is the concept of protecting construction workers addressing safety in the design process. PTD is the most effective way of eliminating construction hazards. It represents the highest level of the hierarchy of controls

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Safety 2015 Proceedings, ASSE

ASSE Safety 2015 Proceedings.

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Safety 2014 Proceedings, ASSE

ASSE Safety 2014 Proceedings.

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A1 Construction Site Modeling for Construction Safety Education, Nick Nichols

This modeling project involves not only the construction of a three dimensional model, but would also entail the analysis of Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Construction Safety Standards and accident case study research applicable to the work undertaken. This model approach to teaching about “construction safety concepts” has been effectively utilized in the Construction Safety course (SFTY 3553) offered in the Department of Occupational Safety and Health at Southeastern Oklahoma State University (SE) .

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772 Risk Prevention Through Design and Management Construction: The UK/EU Experience, John F. Stevens and Lawrence Bamber

This paper/presentation examines the UK/EU experience of risk prevention through proactive design and management in the Construction industry. It reviews the recent changes in the Construction (Design and Management) Regulations, 2015 which fully come into force on 1st October, 2015. These new CDM Regulations now reflect best practice in the industry and highlight the required core competencies of all players, including designers/architects, clients, contractors/sub-contractors and site management teams.It also sets out the typical UK approach to contractor selection/approval and project management.

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762 Virtual Design & Construction for Safer Construction Projects, David B. Korman and Albert Zulps

Virtual Design and Construction (VDC/BIM) may be used to plan and communicate project safety measures and to improve project safety during construction and in facility operations. Creating a virtual building in 3D allows for a clear understanding of the proposed building by all stakeholders, regardless of their ability to read drawings. The building is spatially correct and can therefore be used for to identify and mitigate safety hazards in the planning stage that would affect construction and operations of the building. This paper will review how VDC/BIM may be used throughout all phases of the project lifecycle to enhance safety.

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763 Overreaching on Ladders: Motivated to Succeed or Fail?, Angela DiDomenico and Mary F. Lesch

Falls from ladders remain a critical safety issue within the workplace due to the frequency at which falls occur and the severity of the resulting injuries. Guidelines for safe ladder use state that the body should remain within the rails of the ladder (“belly button” or “belt buckle” rule), yet, many ladder falls occur while workers are performing extended lateral reaches during task performance. Falls can occur because the individual loses balance and falls off the ladder or because the ladder tips over, causing the individual to fall with it. This paper will explore the effect of motivation (task completion) on lateral reach distances performed by experienced ladder users while working on stepladders of different heights.

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