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Applied Science and Engineering
Cost Analysis and Budgeting
Benchmarking and Performance Criteria
Design and planning priorities for utility, productivity and immediate return can obscure the vision that many hazards can be removed before construction begins. Technology is available to easily incorporate safety as an overriding priority to protect the consumer, user, operator and construction workers from injuries. However, without the application of this technology, safety is often relegated to a function of the user, operator or consumer.
Through the proactive approach, essential feedback on performance may be available before an incident occurs. Thus, to effectively oversee the SMS, a composite performance evaluation system that encompasses all of the potential factors affecting a construction site’s safety is of essential. One major issue regarding improvement of safety performance at construction sites is the lack of comparable data or index to indicate how well or bad, in terms of safety, a construction site is performing.
Researchers and practitioners tend to agree that the construction industry remains overly dependent on lagging indicators (i.e., injury numbers and rates), to identify needed safety improvements. However, lagging indicators do not help companies learn how to prevent injuries and illnesses before they occur. Companies, and the construction industry as a whole, must shift their focus to leading indicators. A leading indicator is one that precedes injuries or illnesses and can be used to drive activities that, when properly implemented, prevent and control injuries and illnesses. A
positive safety culture, safety climate and the factors they encompass are considered key leading indicators
for improving safety outcomes.
In 2010, less than 1% of the (work zone) WZ crashes had fatalities. One would think that most fatalities happen at night, but just like in Wyoming, more than 70% of the deaths in WZ crashes were in broad daylight. Another 2010 statistic is that more than four people every hour or one every 14 minutes
were injured in a WZ crash.
Nanotechnology is opening up a world of opportunities for the construction industry. Construction materials with nano-enhanced properties are bringing about changes allowing for the construction of frost-free roads, tunnels, building materials stronger than the strongest steel and virtually maintenance-free windows.
This report was funded by CPWR under its Small Studies Program. The authors examined an important claim by OSHA that Injury and Illness Prevention Programs (IIPPs) dramatically reduce workplace injuries. OSHA predicts that individual employers adopting IIPPs will experience as much as a 35 percent drop in injuries, and statewide adoption of mandatory IIPPs would result in a 12 percent decline. This current study, a fixed effects panel data model of injury rates in U.S. construction from 1982 to 2008, shows that controlling for confounding factors including changes in reporting culture, long-term trends in injury reduction, business cycle and other economic factors, mandatory IIPPs reduce total construction injury rates by 32 percent.
The NIOSH Buy Quiet web resource highlights the benefits of a buy quiet program, explains how to establish such a program in a workplace, and offers a video and posters to drive the message home. Buy Quiet programs can reduce the impact of noise on communities and help companies comply with Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and other noise regulations and requirements. In addition, buy quiet programs may also reduce the potential long-term costs of audiometric testing, personal protective equipment, and workers' compensation. This online resource also includes access to the power tools database, which contains noise level data for a variety of common power tools, and a link to the NIOSH Hearing Compendium.
3M Corporation is voluntarily recalling their SWSW Series Mobile SkyWalk horizontal lifeline systems because they may not meet OSHA requirements at 29 CFR 1910.66, 1926.502 and may not arrest a fall in the working clearances stated in 3M user manuals. This system was previously sold under the name Aearo Series Mobile SkyWalk system or SafeWaze Series Mobile SkyWalk system. 3M requests that users inspect the power break and look for part number SWSW-18 on the label. The company requests that you immediately identify, stop use, and quarantine all Mobile SkyWalk horizontal lifeline systems as part of the recall.
This notice concerns the DBI-SALA Lad-Saf Flexible Cable Ladder Safety System, also known as a 'Safety Climb System.' Capital Safety has received a limited number of reports of 7x19 strand carrier cable slippage from the carrier clamp in the top bracket of these ladder safety systems. Although this top bracket design has been used in the market for more than 40 years without incident, the reported slippage raises the potential for injury to users of affected systems. Based on analysis of component manufacture dates, the affected systems are systems using 3/8 inch 7x19 strand galvanized cable, with top bracket assemblies (including carrier clamps) purchased from Capital Safety between September 1, 2013 and May 13, 2014.
This report captures noteworthy events in occupational health and safety during the year from August 2013 through July 2014 in the U.S. The authors intended it as a resource for activists, regulators, researchers, and anyone else who values safe and healthy workplaces. Much as the AFL-CIO’s annual Death on the Job report focuses attention on workplace injury and illness statistics each spring, this report documents successes, challenges, and areas ripe for improvement in occupational health and safety. This is the third annual edition.
September 1, 2014
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