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Urban Constructio: Building Code Requirements Improve Safety & Health, Peter Simon

Building codes are one measure communities use to protect people and property. Urban areas with dense populations, such as New York City, are particularly vulnerable to hazards related to building construction. To address these hazards, New York City now requires approved site safety plans and a licensed site safety manager on site during operations of major construction projects.

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Fire & Ice: Protecting Workers in Extreme Temperatures, Donald J. Garvey

Fast-track projects make year-round work in adverse temperature conditions a common occurrence in construction. This article outlines the dangers of both heat and cold stress on the worker. It reviews multiple worker assessment methods, both instrumentation and observational, to help the frontline supervisor or OSH professional estimate worker risk to heat or cold stress injury. Based on the assessment, the OSH professional can select from multiple engineering, administrative and PPE controls to help maintain worker safety and health, as well as comfort during work in challenging temperature conditions.

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Smart Trigger: Development of a System to Improve Nail Gun Safety, Mark L. Nagurka, Richard W. Marklin Jr. and Nathaniel R. Larson

Accidental discharge of a fastener from a pneumatic nail gun can result in acute injury to construction workers or consumers. Such injuries most commonly impale the hands, arms and legs. A smart trigger system can reduce the risk of acute injuries by detecting whether the surface is an intended substrate for fastening. This article details the development of a smart trigger system, including testing methodology and results.

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OSH Certifications: Behind the Exams, Cheryl L. (Cheri) Marcham, Treasa M. Turnbeaugh and Nicola J. Wright

The process of developing and scoring a certification exam is complicated and uses a scientific and mathematic psychometric process to achieve defendable outcomes. How much of the process is well understood by either the general public, employers or even safety and health professionals? This article presents information intended to help OSH professionals understand why and how a properly developed and administered certification exam shows the mark of excellence in the field of safety and health.

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Leading Edge: Self-Retracting Lifelines: Calculating Fall Protection Clearance Distances, Scott Wenholz and Thomas V. Rizzi

Miscalculating required fall clearance distances contributes to fatal falls in construction. The issue is further complicated when using leading edge self-retracting lifelines (SRL-LE) in situations in which the anchorage point is located below a worker’s dorsal D-ring. The problem stems from unclear or misleading equipment documentation, as well as training programs and literature that inadequately address the issue. As a result, many authorized, competent and qualified fall protection persons may not fully understand the equipment limitations or how to properly calculate clearance distance when incorporating an SRL-LE.

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Written Safety Program: ABC Construction, Tareq Ismail

In this document, we will discuss a Safety Program that we have drafted in order to establish responsibility and accountability from Management to Subordinates, identify hazards, and to help prevent accidents for a safe working environment day in and day out. Through this safety program many aspects of safe work environment is created including; Assigning Responsibility and Accountability, Enforcement Policy, Jobsite Safety Inspections, Accident Investigations, Safety Training and Meetings, Reporting, Records, and Emergency/Evacuation Procedures.

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Identify & Reduce Noise Exposure, Gary Ticker

Thousands of workers suffer every year from hearing loss due to high workplace noise levels. The good news is that this is preventable. OSHA says exposure to an 8-hour time-weighted average (TWA) sound level of 85 decibels (dBA) or more can cause hearing damage. Most work-related hearing loss can be eliminated by reducing employee exposure to below this level.

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Multicausal Nature of Construction Incidents, John W. Mroszczyk

It is well known that construction work is dangerous. Construction employment is only 5% of the total workforce, yet has 15% to 22% of the total workforce fatalities (Mroszczyk, 2015a). While the construction industry and government agencies have made progress in reducing construction incidents, construction remains a risky place to work. Understanding the nature of construction incidents is important so that further improvements in safety can be realized.

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Prevention Through Design: For Hazards in Construction, Bruce K. Lyon, Georgi Popov and Elyce Biddle

•As indicated in the prevention through design (PTD) hierarchy of controls model, the most effective means of preventing and controlling occupational injuries, illnesses and fatalities in construction is to avoid, eliminate or minimize hazards and risks early in the planning and design process. •Applying PTD concepts in the construction process in both the system’s physical design and the means and methods of executing the construction tasks are vital in eliminating and reducing risk to constructors and users. •Despite the recent attention given to PTD in construction, many promising control technologies have not been transferred from research into practice.

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Indoor GPS: A Tool for Creating Safer Construction Sites, Antti Korhonen & Jonathan Horne

Improving job site safety, responding to emergencies, and analyzing incidents after the fact are enhanced when worker location can be monitored and recorded throughout a project.

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