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Multicausal Nature of Construction Incidents, John W. Mroszczyk

It is well known that construction work is dangerous. Construction employment is only 5% of the total workforce, yet has 15% to 22% of the total workforce fatalities (Mroszczyk, 2015a). While the construction industry and government agencies have made progress in reducing construction incidents, construction remains a risky place to work. Understanding the nature of construction incidents is important so that further improvements in safety can be realized.


Prevention Through Design: For Hazards in Construction, Bruce K. Lyon, Georgi Popov and Elyce Biddle

•As indicated in the prevention through design (PTD) hierarchy of controls model, the most effective means of preventing and controlling occupational injuries, illnesses and fatalities in construction is to avoid, eliminate or minimize hazards and risks early in the planning and design process. •Applying PTD concepts in the construction process in both the system’s physical design and the means and methods of executing the construction tasks are vital in eliminating and reducing risk to constructors and users. •Despite the recent attention given to PTD in construction, many promising control technologies have not been transferred from research into practice.


Indoor GPS: A Tool for Creating Safer Construction Sites, Antti Korhonen & Jonathan Horne

Improving job site safety, responding to emergencies, and analyzing incidents after the fact are enhanced when worker location can be monitored and recorded throughout a project.


Near-Hit Reporting Reducing Construction Industry Injuries, Eric Marks, Ibukun G. Awolusi and Brian McKay

•The construction industry continues to rank as one of the most hazardous work environments, experiencing a high number of workplace injuries and fatalities. •Safety performance improvement is needed to achieve zero injuries, illnesses and fatalities on construction sites. One systematic method of achieving this improvement is through the collection and analysis of safety data such as near-hits. •This article highlights best practices for collecting and analyzing near-hit information. A near-hit management program for assessing collected data is created so that lessons learned from reported events can be applied to mitigate future hazards on construction sites.


OSHA Standards Why Do They Take So Long?, Jim Maddux

OSHA staff members are often asked, “Why do standards take so long?” In fact, as the saying goes, if I had a few dollars for each time I have been asked this question, I would be rich. OSHA is a complex agency involved in various types of work. OSHA staff inspect workplaces; set enforcement policy; issue guidance; maintain current web pages; develop and deliver training; administer voluntary programs such as partnerships, alliances and the Voluntary Protection Programs; conduct oversight of state OSHA programs, consultation agencies and education centers; and manage and administer in the federal government bureaucracy. The main reason that OSHA standards take so long is because the regulatory process is designed to be slow and deliberate.


Scanning for Safety, A. Ken Brooks Jr.

The keys to conducting an effective safety inspections are to know the goals, identify who should perform the inspection and what tools to use, understand how to find hazards and make sure to complete all of the follow-up procedures


703 NIOSH Guardrail System--From Research to Field Evaluation to Production, Thomas G. Bobick, Brandon C. Takacs, E. A. McKenzie, Jr., Mark D. Fullen and Douglas M. Cantis

Workers falling from elevations is the primary cause of fatalities in the U.S. construction industry. The focus of this paper is on using guardrails to prevent workers from falling from elevated workplaces in residential construction.


704 Growing Your Own Construction Safety Professionals, Richard Baldwin and Chris Claggett

Construction safety leaders are responsible for the development of safety professionals that they supervise. No matter what the source or the qualifications and experience of a staff member, improvement of their skills should always be emphasized and the resources allocated to make them more effective. College degrees and certifications are becoming ever more the standard among construction safety professionals. Yet there is ample opportunity for zealous and dedicated craft workers to progress to positions of responsibility as safety managers on construction projects and then further to more senior positions.


Prevention Through Design in Construction Engineering, Ali A. Karakhan

Prevention through design (PTD), or design for construction safety, is the concept of protecting construction workers addressing safety in the design process. PTD is the most effective way of eliminating construction hazards. It represents the highest level of the hierarchy of controls


Safety 2015 Proceedings, ASSE

ASSE Safety 2015 Proceedings.


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