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Applied Science and Engineering
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Benchmarking and Performance Criteria
Construction is among the most dangerous industries in the country. In 2010, data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) indicated that 774 fatal on-the-job injuries occurred to construction workers, more than in any other single industry sector and nearly one out of every five work-related deaths in the U.S. that year. The leading causes of worker deaths on construction sites is referred to as OSHA's Focus Four. They are falls, electrocution, struck by object and caught in/
Electrical safety prevention through design is important for reducing hazards and associated risks from shock, arc flash and fires. "These technologifes provide opportunities for application beyond minimum requirements of building codes and electrical design standards."
Hot work performed on hollow or enclosed structures on a vessel or shoreside can present hazards to both workers and the vessel or facility. OSHA’s regulations detail safe practices during hot work on these types of structures; however, these require-ments only apply to shipyard work and to vessel repair outside of shipyards.
Hexavalent chromium or Cr(VI) is a toxic form of chromium that can cause severe health effects to workers, including lung cancer. Chromium compounds are added to paints and primers to provide corrosion protection and reflective properties. Bridge painting activities such as abrasive blasting can expose workers to hazardous levels of Cr(VI).
The welding process produces visible smoke that contains harmful metal fume and gas by-products. This fact sheet discusses welding operations, applicable OSHA standards, and suggestions for protecting welders and coworkers from exposures to the many hazardous substances in welding fume.
Repair procedures for intermodal containers are not covered by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) standards nor any national consensus standard. This Fact Sheet will help identify hazards workers may be exposed to while repairing intermodal containers, and provide recommendations to employers on ways to minimize the risks and ensure the safety of workers.
This fact sheet examines some of the hazards workers may encounter while working on stepladders and explains what employers and workers can do to reduce injuries.
Workers who use job-made wooden ladders risk permanent injury or death from falls and electrocutions. These hazards can be eliminated or substantially reduced by following good safety practices. This fact sheet lists some of the hazards workers may encounter while working on job-made wooden ladders
and explains what employers and workers can do to reduce injuries. OSHA’s requirements for job-made
ladders are in Subpart X—Stairways and Ladders of OSHA’s Construction standards.
This fact sheet examines some of the hazards workers may encounter while working on extension ladders and explains what employers and workers can do to reduce injuries. OSHA’s requirements for extension ladders are in Subpart X—Stairways and Ladders of OSHA’s Construction standards.
Abrasive blasting uses compressed air or water to direct a high velocity stream of an abrasive material to clean an object or surface, remove burrs, apply a texture, or prepare a surface for the application of paint or other type of coating. Employers must protect workers from hazardous dust levels and toxic metals that may be generated from both the blasting material and the underlying substrate and coatings being blasted. This fact sheet provides information on abrasive blasting material, health hazards, and methods to protect workers.
The Body of Knowledge project is dedicated to creating a living reference that represents the collective knowledge of the Safety, Health and Environmental profession. While the preliminary work has begun, there is still more to do. The purpose of this website is to introduce subject areas that will eventually be part of the Body of Knowledge, and to gather feedback on the future direction, and ongoing assessment of what needs to be completed.
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