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Topic: Construction - Regulatory Issues

Resources File Type

Urban Constructio: Building Code Requirements Improve Safety & Health, Peter Simon

Building codes are one measure communities use to protect people and property. Urban areas with dense populations, such as New York City, are particularly vulnerable to hazards related to building construction. To address these hazards, New York City now requires approved site safety plans and a licensed site safety manager on site during operations of major construction projects.


OSHA Standards Why Do They Take So Long?, Jim Maddux

OSHA staff members are often asked, “Why do standards take so long?” In fact, as the saying goes, if I had a few dollars for each time I have been asked this question, I would be rich. OSHA is a complex agency involved in various types of work. OSHA staff inspect workplaces; set enforcement policy; issue guidance; maintain current web pages; develop and deliver training; administer voluntary programs such as partnerships, alliances and the Voluntary Protection Programs; conduct oversight of state OSHA programs, consultation agencies and education centers; and manage and administer in the federal government bureaucracy. The main reason that OSHA standards take so long is because the regulatory process is designed to be slow and deliberate.


703 NIOSH Guardrail System--From Research to Field Evaluation to Production, Thomas G. Bobick, Brandon C. Takacs, E. A. McKenzie, Jr., Mark D. Fullen and Douglas M. Cantis

Workers falling from elevations is the primary cause of fatalities in the U.S. construction industry. The focus of this paper is on using guardrails to prevent workers from falling from elevated workplaces in residential construction.


702 Construction Crane Safety Management, Bill Davis

Crane accidents have occurred with some frequency since the invention of lifting machinery. Recent accidents that have involved the loss of lives have focused industry attention on cranes. Contrary to popular belief, there is no central repository of crane loss data. US crane accidents that cause a loss of life to workers, or injuries to multiple workers must be reported to OSHA. Other than that, and a few local ordinances, most accidents are not reported. Many crane operators carry large insurance deductibles. Smaller losses may not be reported to insurance carriers. There has been some discussion about national loss reporting requirements, but workable solutions are not imminent.


659 Background, Updates, Impacts, Nuances and Making EM 385-1-1 Work for You and Safe Production, Pete B. Rice, Dave Parker and Paul J. Colangelo

Over 30 years before the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) published their first set of safety standards, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) developed their Requirements Engineering Manual, EM 385-1-1. The most recent version of the EM 385-1-1contains a multitude of references to OSHA’s federal regulations as well as many parallel requirements, but there are several nuances that contractors need to examine and prepare for before work begins on a federal construction project. This paper tation will briefly identify what and who is the USACE, updates to EM 385-1, impacts on your safety planning, around the nuisances of the Corp standards and making EM 385-1-1 work for your organization.


627 Challenges of Implementing a U.S. Safety and Health Program in the International Construction Market, John H. Johnson and Shawn R. King

Sustaining high levels of safety and health performance on construction sites in the United States is challenging. These challenges become more complicated when attempting to execute construction work in unfamiliar countries while trying to utilize U.S. centric programs. Cultural differences, regulatory inconsistencies, and language barriers are three common issues that need to be addressed when undertaking such a task. One may ask if trying to develop a program based on a typical U.S. model should even be considered. Arguments can be made in either direction, but based on recent experiences in various locations throughout the world, modified U.S. models can work.


628 Contractor and Subcontractor Safety Responsibilities on Multi-Employer Worksites, Frank Burg

This author is engaged in the development of safety and health programs and standards for multi- employer worksites. He has participated in the development of standards, conducted training, seminars and worked directly with clients to gain the cooperation of parties to assure full participation and coordination of controlling employers, subcontractors and independent contractors. The author has also been involved in accident investigations and litigation where the multi-employer concepts have been a key component.


A1 Construction Site Modeling for Construction Safety Education, Nick Nichols

This modeling project involves not only the construction of a three dimensional model, but would also entail the analysis of Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Construction Safety Standards and accident case study research applicable to the work undertaken. This model approach to teaching about “construction safety concepts” has been effectively utilized in the Construction Safety course (SFTY 3553) offered in the Department of Occupational Safety and Health at Southeastern Oklahoma State University (SE) .


611 OSHA's General Duty Clause: A Guide to Enforcement and Legal Defenses, Adele L. Abrams

The General Duty Clause (GDC), Section 5(a)(1) of the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970, was intended to serve as a “gap filler” to address recognized hazards that the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) has not yet regulated. To establish a violation of the GDC, the Secretary of Labor must prove: (1) that the employer failed to render its workplace free of a hazard which was (2) “recognized” and (3) causing or likely to cause death or serious physical harm and (4) that feasible means exist to free the workplace of the hazard.


522 OSHA's New Confined Spaces in Construction: 1926.1200 Compared with ANSI Z117.1 Revised 2015, Terry W. Krug

This paper will present an overview of the new OSHA 1926.1200 confined spaces standard and also compare it with the existing general industry permit-required confined space standard 1910.146 and the applicable sections of the revised ANSI Z117.1 standard.


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