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•As indicated in the prevention through
design (PTD) hierarchy of controls model,
the most effective means of preventing and
controlling occupational injuries, illnesses
and fatalities in construction is to avoid,
eliminate or minimize hazards and risks
early in the planning and design process.
•Applying PTD concepts in the construction
process in both the system’s physical
design and the means and methods
of executing the construction tasks are
vital in eliminating and reducing risk to
constructors and users.
•Despite the recent attention given to PTD
in construction, many promising control
technologies have not been transferred
from research into practice.
Prevention through design (PTD), or design for construction safety, is the concept of protecting construction workers addressing safety in the design process. PTD is the most effective way of eliminating construction hazards. It represents the highest level of the hierarchy of controls
Virtual Design and Construction (VDC/BIM) may be used to plan and communicate project
safety measures and to improve project safety during construction and in facility
operations. Creating a virtual building in 3D allows for a clear understanding of the proposed
building by all stakeholders, regardless of their ability to read drawings. The building is spatially
correct and can therefore be used for to identify and mitigate safety hazards in the planning stage
that would affect construction and operations of the building. This paper will review how
VDC/BIM may be used throughout all phases of the project lifecycle to enhance safety.
The purpose of this study was to examine physical workloads associated with manual lifting activities and to translate the academic research into effective prevention "good practices" for the reduction of injury risks in the construction workplace. Fourteen different construction trades participated, including carpenter, ceiling installer, drywall installer, electrician, fitter, floor finisher, floor tile layer, flooring installer, insulator, laborer, mason, painter, plumber and sod layer.
Prevention through Design anticipates and minimizes occupational safety and health hazards and risks* at the design phase of products, considering workers through the entire life cycle, from the construction workers to the users, the maintenance staff, and, finally, the demolition team. The engineering profession has long recognized the importance of preventing occupational safety and health problems by designing out hazards. Industry leaders want to reduce costs by preventing negative safety and health consequences of poor designs.
This manual is one of four PtD education modules to increase awareness of construction hazards.
This article describes the development of a webbased prevention through design tool that utilizes data from recent research and the results of pilot testing the tool with active professionals working on Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design projects.
This article highlights new green building design strategies incorporated into the research and development facilities.
The Body of Knowledge project is dedicated to creating a living reference that represents the collective knowledge of the Safety, Health and Environmental profession. While the preliminary work has begun, there is still more to do. The purpose of this website is to introduce subject areas that will eventually be part of the Body of Knowledge, and to gather feedback on the future direction, and ongoing assessment of what needs to be completed.
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