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Topic: Construction - Benchmarking and Performance Criteria

 
 
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Multicausal Nature of Construction Incidents, John W. Mroszczyk

It is well known that construction work is dangerous. Construction employment is only 5% of the total workforce, yet has 15% to 22% of the total workforce fatalities (Mroszczyk, 2015a). While the construction industry and government agencies have made progress in reducing construction incidents, construction remains a risky place to work. Understanding the nature of construction incidents is important so that further improvements in safety can be realized.

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702 Construction Crane Safety Management, Bill Davis

Crane accidents have occurred with some frequency since the invention of lifting machinery. Recent accidents that have involved the loss of lives have focused industry attention on cranes. Contrary to popular belief, there is no central repository of crane loss data. US crane accidents that cause a loss of life to workers, or injuries to multiple workers must be reported to OSHA. Other than that, and a few local ordinances, most accidents are not reported. Many crane operators carry large insurance deductibles. Smaller losses may not be reported to insurance carriers. There has been some discussion about national loss reporting requirements, but workable solutions are not imminent.

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662 Safety Culture, Green Construction, and a Multi-ethnic Workforce: A Cast Study, Thomas R. Cunningham, Michael Flynn and Larry J. Chapman

Annual injury and fatality rates in the US construction industry are currently higher and perhaps among the highest of all US industry sectors. Safety culture has become, in some sense, a label attached too much of the entire constellation of efforts that have been accomplished to address work safety in construction and in other industries. Although the first safety culture studies of the construction industry were completed thirty-five years ago, safety culture has not yet been clearly defined. A frequent question is “what’s the difference between safety culture and safety climate?”

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631 Using Near Misses to Enhance Safety Performance in Construction, Eric Marks, Brian Mckay and Ibukun Awolusi

Leading indicators assess safety performance by gauging processes, activities, and conditions defining safety performance by their adherence to goals future outcomes rather than rely in the past. One such indicator is the near miss which is defined as an incident where no property damage and no personal injury occur, but where, given a slight shift in time or position, damage and injury easily could have occurred. The major advantage of measuring leading indicators such as near miss reporting is that data can be collected and analyzed without the requirement of a lagging indicator (injury) to occur.

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632 A Strategy for Reducing Construction Fatalities, John W. Mroszczyk

This paper will review construction accident statistics, the types of hazards found on construction sites, the nature of construction work, and the research that has been done. The role of various stakeholders (owners, design professionals, general contractors, sub-contractors, workers) in reducing construction fatalities will be discussed. An eliminate-plan-prevent-protect strategy for reducing construction fatalities will be presented.

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Musculoskeletal Disorders in Construction, Sang D. Choi, Lu Yuan and James G. Borchardt

This review study addresses work-related musculoskeletal injuries and disorders and practical solutions in seven construction trades/occupations (carpenters, masons, electricians, sheet metal workers, roofers, ironworkers, plumbers). •By identifying risk factors for these injuries and disorders, OSH professionals can offer effective interventions to meet the challenges that contractors face in the field. •The simple good practices solutions summarized can help mitigate potential ergonomic hazards and increase productivity at construction job sites.

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SH&E Industry 2015 Salary Survey, Board of Certified Safety Professionals (BCSP)

The purpose of this research project was to better understand compensation trends among Safety, Health, and Environmental (SH&E) professionals. Since 2008, the Board of Certified Safety Professionals (BCSP) has measured and reported salary and employment trend data as a service to its certificants and SH&E professionals. In 2015, BCSP hoped to develop a more complete SH&E employment trend and salary picture by inviting five partners to participate in the data collection process. Partners: ASSE - American Society of Safety Engineers; ABIH - American Board of Industrial Hygiene; AHMP - Alliance of Hazardous Materials Professionals; AIHA - American Industrial Hygiene Association; and IHMM - Institute of Hazardous Materials Management.

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ASSE Safety Salary Survey - 2015, American Society of Safety Engineers (ASSE)

A 2015 American Society of Safety Engineers survey of more than 9,000 occupational safety and health professionals reveals they earn an annual base salary on average of $98,000, an increase of $8,000 since the survey was taken two years ago. The ASSE survey results are part of an expansive collaboration with the American Board of Industrial Hygiene (ABIH), Alliance of Hazardous Materials Professionals (AHMP), American Industrial Hygiene Association (AIHA), Board of Certified Safety Professionals (BCSP) and Institute of Hazardous Materials Management (IHMM). A summary is provided and includes a link to download the full report.

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Safety Performance Assessment of a Construction Site Using Construction Safety Index, Devendra Kumar Pathak and K.N. Jha

Through the proactive approach, essential feedback on performance may be available before an incident occurs. Thus, to effectively oversee the SMS, a composite performance evaluation system that encompasses all of the potential factors affecting a construction site’s safety is of essential. One major issue regarding improvement of safety performance at construction sites is the lack of comparable data or index to indicate how well or bad, in terms of safety, a construction site is performing.

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Work Zones: The Right Pause for a Good Cause, Bennett Ghormley

In 2010, less than 1% of the (work zone) WZ crashes had fatalities. One would think that most fatalities happen at night, but just like in Wyoming, more than 70% of the deaths in WZ crashes were in broad daylight. Another 2010 statistic is that more than four people every hour or one every 14 minutes were injured in a WZ crash.

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