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Topic: Construction - Best Practices

 
 
Resources File Type

Fatigue Management Awareness Presentation, Robert Myers

Brief presentation on the effects of fatigue and what employees and supervisors can do to prevent it in the workplace.

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Fire & Ice: Protecting Workers in Extreme Temperatures, Donald J. Garvey

Fast-track projects make year-round work in adverse temperature conditions a common occurrence in construction. This article outlines the dangers of both heat and cold stress on the worker. It reviews multiple worker assessment methods, both instrumentation and observational, to help the frontline supervisor or OSH professional estimate worker risk to heat or cold stress injury. Based on the assessment, the OSH professional can select from multiple engineering, administrative and PPE controls to help maintain worker safety and health, as well as comfort during work in challenging temperature conditions.

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Smart Trigger: Development of a System to Improve Nail Gun Safety, Mark L. Nagurka, Richard W. Marklin Jr. and Nathaniel R. Larson

Accidental discharge of a fastener from a pneumatic nail gun can result in acute injury to construction workers or consumers. Such injuries most commonly impale the hands, arms and legs. A smart trigger system can reduce the risk of acute injuries by detecting whether the surface is an intended substrate for fastening. This article details the development of a smart trigger system, including testing methodology and results.

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OSH Certifications: Behind the Exams, Cheryl L. (Cheri) Marcham, Treasa M. Turnbeaugh and Nicola J. Wright

The process of developing and scoring a certification exam is complicated and uses a scientific and mathematic psychometric process to achieve defendable outcomes. How much of the process is well understood by either the general public, employers or even safety and health professionals? This article presents information intended to help OSH professionals understand why and how a properly developed and administered certification exam shows the mark of excellence in the field of safety and health.

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Leading Edge: Self-Retracting Lifelines: Calculating Fall Protection Clearance Distances, Scott Wenholz and Thomas V. Rizzi

Miscalculating required fall clearance distances contributes to fatal falls in construction. The issue is further complicated when using leading edge self-retracting lifelines (SRL-LE) in situations in which the anchorage point is located below a worker’s dorsal D-ring. The problem stems from unclear or misleading equipment documentation, as well as training programs and literature that inadequately address the issue. As a result, many authorized, competent and qualified fall protection persons may not fully understand the equipment limitations or how to properly calculate clearance distance when incorporating an SRL-LE.

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Written Safety Program: ABC Construction, Tareq Ismail

In this document, we will discuss a Safety Program that we have drafted in order to establish responsibility and accountability from Management to Subordinates, identify hazards, and to help prevent accidents for a safe working environment day in and day out. Through this safety program many aspects of safe work environment is created including; Assigning Responsibility and Accountability, Enforcement Policy, Jobsite Safety Inspections, Accident Investigations, Safety Training and Meetings, Reporting, Records, and Emergency/Evacuation Procedures.

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Identify & Reduce Noise Exposure, Gary Ticker

Thousands of workers suffer every year from hearing loss due to high workplace noise levels. The good news is that this is preventable. OSHA says exposure to an 8-hour time-weighted average (TWA) sound level of 85 decibels (dBA) or more can cause hearing damage. Most work-related hearing loss can be eliminated by reducing employee exposure to below this level.

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Multicausal Nature of Construction Incidents, John W. Mroszczyk

It is well known that construction work is dangerous. Construction employment is only 5% of the total workforce, yet has 15% to 22% of the total workforce fatalities (Mroszczyk, 2015a). While the construction industry and government agencies have made progress in reducing construction incidents, construction remains a risky place to work. Understanding the nature of construction incidents is important so that further improvements in safety can be realized.

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Indoor GPS: A Tool for Creating Safer Construction Sites, Antti Korhonen & Jonathan Horne

Improving job site safety, responding to emergencies, and analyzing incidents after the fact are enhanced when worker location can be monitored and recorded throughout a project.

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Near-Hit Reporting Reducing Construction Industry Injuries, Eric Marks, Ibukun G. Awolusi and Brian McKay

•The construction industry continues to rank as one of the most hazardous work environments, experiencing a high number of workplace injuries and fatalities. •Safety performance improvement is needed to achieve zero injuries, illnesses and fatalities on construction sites. One systematic method of achieving this improvement is through the collection and analysis of safety data such as near-hits. •This article highlights best practices for collecting and analyzing near-hit information. A near-hit management program for assessing collected data is created so that lessons learned from reported events can be applied to mitigate future hazards on construction sites.

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