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Topic: Engineering - Best Practices

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Electric Arc: Protecting Against Thermal Effect (Part 1: Types of Electric Arc), Mikhail Golovkov, Holger Schau and Gavin Burdge

This series of three articles provides a broad overview of today’s state of the art for protecting electrical workers against electric arc thermal hazard. Part 1 addresses key factors for further electric arc PPE advancement. It also discusses the different types of electric arc and why this knowledge is important for safety professionals who perform arc risk assessments.


OSH Certifications: Behind the Exams, Cheryl L. (Cheri) Marcham, Treasa M. Turnbeaugh and Nicola J. Wright

The process of developing and scoring a certification exam is complicated and uses a scientific and mathematic psychometric process to achieve defendable outcomes. How much of the process is well understood by either the general public, employers or even safety and health professionals? This article presents information intended to help OSH professionals understand why and how a properly developed and administered certification exam shows the mark of excellence in the field of safety and health.


Effiacy of Third Party Certification and Safety Initiatives , Michael S. Landa and Bridgette M. Hester

The purpose of this study was to analyze the efficacy of climbing safety and rescue/competent person certification and two NATE safety initiatives using Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), Occupational Injuries and Illnesses (OII), and Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI) records to see if there is any empirical evidence suggesting that climbing safety and rescue/competent person certification or safety initiatives have resulted in decreased numbers of workplace injuries, illnesses, and fatalities.


Electrical Safety by Design & Maintenance, Dennis K. Neitzel

All who interact with industrial or commercial electrical power systems and equipment (e.g., owners, operators, installers, maintainers, outside service personnel, design consultants, manufacturers) must be concerned with electrical safety aspects of electrical installation design. Electrical safety must be an integral part of all designs, installations and maintenance of electrical systems and equipment.


Designer’s Liability, Ali A. Karakhan

Design professionals can be held liable for construction safety even though they do not show authority, demonstrate control or are not contractually obligated to address safety. •Implementing prevention through design (PTD) on construction projects could help eliminate hazards associated with construction activities. •Implementing PTD not only reduces construction incidents, but also yields great benefits for project parties relative to schedule, morale, constructability, cost and quality.


783 Using Prevention through Design to Improve Workplace Safety, Lesli A. Johnson and Paul E. Allen

This paper provides a review of the basic risk assessment process and Prevention through Design steps. It includes examples where the PtD principles were applied to facilities, tools, equipment, machinery, substances, and processes. The goal is to create a safer work environment from construction and installation through disposal by applying these principles. .


693 ANSI/ASSE Z590.3 Prevention through Design: Where Are We Two Years Later?, Chris Shulenberger, Donna Heidel, Jeanne Guerin, Barbara Faville and Robert Nocco

A growing number of industry leading companies and technical support professionals are embracing the concepts behind ANSI Z590.3 Prevention through Design. Integrating Human Factors and Ergonomics into the initial designs as well as any upgrades to existing facilities/equipment is a business value proposition because of its impact not only on Safety but also Quality, Productivity, and Human Resources.


611 Supporting Prevention through Design (PtD) Solutions Using a Business Case, Elyce Anne Biddle and Georgi Popov

Despite the attention to ensuring the safety and health of workers through the application of prevention through design (PtD) concepts, too many promising control technologies (engineering design solutions)—those grounded in PtD—have not been transferred from research into practice. Although proof of preventing occupational injury, illness, or fatality alone has often driven industry to make changes, the lack of adoption of these effective solutions has clearly demonstrated that there were others reasons behind safety, health and environmental (SH&E) business decisions. The challenge for occupational safety and health professionals is to describe the value of SH&E efforts in terms that are understood and accepted within a business.


762 Virtual Design & Construction for Safer Construction Projects, David B. Korman and Albert Zulps

Virtual Design and Construction (VDC/BIM) may be used to plan and communicate project safety measures and to improve project safety during construction and in facility operations. Creating a virtual building in 3D allows for a clear understanding of the proposed building by all stakeholders, regardless of their ability to read drawings. The building is spatially correct and can therefore be used for to identify and mitigate safety hazards in the planning stage that would affect construction and operations of the building. This paper will review how VDC/BIM may be used throughout all phases of the project lifecycle to enhance safety.


591 Where Do You Go to Better Understand the Need for PtD?, Georgi Popov and Elyce Anne Biddle

This presentation will describe the current state of existing surveillance systems that can provide valuable PtD information for risk management. The authors will present a blueprint for an optimal PtD related database for future collection or creation through a combination of characteristics of the existing surveillance systems reviewed.


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