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Applied Science and Engineering
Cost Analysis and Budgeting
Benchmarking and Performance Criteria
•As indicated in the prevention through
design (PTD) hierarchy of controls model,
the most effective means of preventing and
controlling occupational injuries, illnesses
and fatalities in construction is to avoid,
eliminate or minimize hazards and risks
early in the planning and design process.
•Applying PTD concepts in the construction
process in both the system’s physical
design and the means and methods
of executing the construction tasks are
vital in eliminating and reducing risk to
constructors and users.
•Despite the recent attention given to PTD
in construction, many promising control
technologies have not been transferred
from research into practice.
All-terrain vehicle crashes
have killed more than
10,000 and injured hundreds
of thousands of riders since
1985; most were related to
have been implemented
over decades reaching
their limit of success.
•As with tractors, engineering
controls have the
potential to mitigate or
prevent most of these fatal
and nonfatal injuries.
•In this regard, much controversy
has surrounded a
single potentially effective
crush prevention device.
All who interact with industrial or commercial
electrical power systems and equipment (e.g.,
owners, operators, installers, maintainers, outside
service personnel, design consultants, manufacturers)
must be concerned with electrical safety aspects of
electrical installation design. Electrical safety must be
an integral part of all designs, installations and maintenance
of electrical systems and equipment.
OSHA staff members are often asked, “Why do standards take so long?” In fact, as the
saying goes, if I had a few dollars for each time I have been asked this question, I would be rich.
OSHA is a complex agency involved in various types of work. OSHA staff inspect workplaces;
set enforcement policy; issue guidance; maintain current web pages; develop and deliver
training; administer voluntary programs such as partnerships, alliances and the Voluntary
Protection Programs; conduct oversight of state OSHA programs, consultation agencies and
education centers; and manage and administer in the federal government bureaucracy. The main reason that OSHA standards take so long is because the regulatory process is designed to be slow
Design professionals can be held liable for construction safety even though they do not show authority, demonstrate control or are not contractually obligated to address safety.
•Implementing prevention through design (PTD) on construction projects could help eliminate hazards associated with construction activities.
•Implementing PTD not only reduces construction incidents, but also yields great benefits for project
parties relative to schedule, morale, constructability, cost and quality.
Prevention through design (PTD), or design for construction safety, is the concept of protecting construction workers addressing safety in the design process. PTD is the most effective way of eliminating construction hazards. It represents the highest level of the hierarchy of controls
ASSE Safety 2015 Proceedings.
ASSE Safety 2014 Proceedings.
Virtual Design and Construction (VDC/BIM) may be used to plan and communicate project
safety measures and to improve project safety during construction and in facility
operations. Creating a virtual building in 3D allows for a clear understanding of the proposed
building by all stakeholders, regardless of their ability to read drawings. The building is spatially
correct and can therefore be used for to identify and mitigate safety hazards in the planning stage
that would affect construction and operations of the building. This paper will review how
VDC/BIM may be used throughout all phases of the project lifecycle to enhance safety.
The American Society of Safety Engineers (ASSE) offers assistance to both safety professionals
and employers of safety professionals through its on-line resource the Body of Knowledge. This
powerful tool helps users identify best practices to better protect people, property, and the
environment. For professionals in the field seeking resources and guidance, the Body of Knowledge includes checklists, technical papers, presentation information, training material, and program outlines in a variety of formats including web links, Word documents, PDFs, PowerPoint slides, and videos.
The Body of Knowledge project is dedicated to creating a living reference that represents the collective knowledge of the Safety, Health and Environmental profession. While the preliminary work has begun, there is still more to do. The purpose of this website is to introduce subject areas that will eventually be part of the Body of Knowledge, and to gather feedback on the future direction, and ongoing assessment of what needs to be completed.
Contribute your knowledge and be a part of something big.