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Topic: Ergonomics - Applied Science and Engineering

 
 
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Exoskeleton Technology: Making Workers Safer and More Productive, Terry Butler

This article discusses the use of exoskeleton technology to ergonomically reduce shoulder overexertion in employees who extend and raise their arms. •It presents some potential benefits and safety challenges of using such technology to simultaneously protect workers and increase productivity. •The benefits presented are quantified from real-life field testing conducted at a large manufacturing facility and should help the reader understand the level of testing and research necessary to properly evaluate an exoskeleton technology before introducing it into a workplace.

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Ergonomic Assessment Toolkit, AIHA Ergonomics Committee

This toolkit is a collection of freely available ergonomic assessment tools with descriptions and, in some cases, training on how to use the tool. The Toolkit also includes a flowchart to help those with less ergonomic evaluation experience identify the correct tool to use for the application the wish to analyze.

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ANSI Z10 and PtD Standards Integration , Georgi Popov

EHS professionals are facing increased pressure to diversify their skills and develop new risk assessment techniques. A small size company requested a new product risk assessment and hazard evaluation. The product is intended for export to the European Union and had to meet international standards. On the other hand, the product is manufactured in the USA and the management wanted to implement PtD principles. The authors developed new tools and successfully implemented the new PtD model to evaluate the product.

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Semi-Permanent Fingertip Tactile Sensitivity Loss in Cold Environments, Brian J. Finder

Current research indicates that acute non-freezing cold exposure elicits various short-term performance problems with the human extremities; namely a reduction in blood flow (Abramson, Zazela & Marrus, 1939), hand sensitivity (Nelms & Soper, 1961), the level of upper extremity dexterity (Clark, 1961), and maximal grip strength (Barnes & Larson, 1985). The present body of scientific knowledge has yet to confirm that repeated/chronic cold exposure causes a more long-term or semi-permanent form of nervous system impairment in humans.

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Winning Ergonomics Strategies for Direct Delivery Employees - VIDEO, Mike Belcher and Ron Porter

Learn about effective ergonomic strategies for direct delivery employees in this conference presentation.

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Ergonomics Solutions-Casting a Wide Net -VIDEO, David M. Brodie

Learn about workplace ergonomic problems and solutions in this conference presentation titled "Ergonomics Solutions-Casting a Wide Net ."

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Integrating Risk Management & Prevention Through Design Standards, Georgi Popov and John N. Zey

The standard, “ANSI/ASSE/ISO 31000 (Z690.2-2011) Risk Management—Principles and Guidelines,” can be applied to an entire organization, as well as to specific processes, activities or projects [ASSE, 2011; International Organization for Standardization (ISO), 2009]. The risk management process involves applying logical and systematic methods for communication and consultation throughout the process, as well as identifying, analyzing, evaluating and treating risk associated with any activity, process, function, project, product, service or asset. Monitoring and reviewing risk are key elements of the process, as are recording and reporting the results appropriately.

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Translating Academic Research on Manual Lifting Tasks Observations into Construction Workplace "Good Practices", Sang D. Choi, James G. Borchardt & Travis L. Proksch

The purpose of this study was to examine physical workloads associated with manual lifting activities and to translate the academic research into effective prevention "good practices" for the reduction of injury risks in the construction workplace. Fourteen different construction trades participated, including carpenter, ceiling installer, drywall installer, electrician, fitter, floor finisher, floor tile layer, flooring installer, insulator, laborer, mason, painter, plumber and sod layer.

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Solutions for the Prevention of Musculoskeletal Injuries in Foundries, Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA)

OSHA publication on methods for preventing musculoskeletal (MSD) injuries in foundry operations and tasks.

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The Concept of Universal Design, Jeremy J. Harris

Universal design is the "design of products and environments to be usable by all people, to the greatest extent possible, without the need for adaptation or specialized design" (Connell, et al, 1997). The aging population, permanently or temporarily disabled, larger and smaller people, expectant mothers, and children and teenagers all have their own unique demands that need to be considered when designing products or environments. So how can we be inclusive of all people, including those outside the confines of a normal, healthy adult, in our ergonomic approach? The answer is universal design.

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