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This article discusses the use of
exoskeleton technology to ergonomically
reduce shoulder overexertion
in employees who extend and raise
•It presents some potential benefits
and safety challenges of using such
technology to simultaneously protect
workers and increase productivity.
•The benefits presented are quantified
from real-life field testing conducted
at a large manufacturing facility and
should help the reader understand the
level of testing and research necessary
to properly evaluate an exoskeleton
technology before introducing it
into a workplace.
This toolkit is a collection of freely available ergonomic assessment tools with descriptions and, in some cases, training on how to use the tool. The Toolkit also includes a flowchart to help those with less ergonomic evaluation experience identify the correct tool to use for the application the wish to analyze.
EHS professionals are facing increased pressure to diversify their skills and develop new risk assessment techniques. A small size company requested a new product risk assessment and hazard evaluation. The product is intended for export to the European Union and had to meet international standards. On the other hand, the product is manufactured in the USA and the management wanted to implement PtD principles. The authors developed new tools and successfully implemented the new PtD model to evaluate the product.
Current research indicates that acute non-freezing cold exposure elicits various short-term performance problems with the human extremities; namely a reduction in blood flow (Abramson, Zazela & Marrus, 1939), hand sensitivity (Nelms & Soper, 1961), the level of upper extremity dexterity (Clark, 1961), and maximal grip strength (Barnes & Larson, 1985). The present body of scientific knowledge has yet to confirm that repeated/chronic cold exposure causes a more long-term or semi-permanent form of nervous system impairment in humans.
Learn about effective ergonomic strategies for direct delivery employees in this conference presentation.
Learn about workplace ergonomic problems and solutions in this conference presentation titled "Ergonomics Solutions-Casting a Wide Net ."
The standard, “ANSI/ASSE/ISO 31000 (Z690.2-2011) Risk Management—Principles and Guidelines,” can be applied to an entire organization, as well as to specific processes, activities or projects [ASSE, 2011; International Organization for Standardization (ISO), 2009]. The risk management process involves applying logical and systematic methods for communication and consultation throughout the process, as well as identifying, analyzing, evaluating and treating risk associated with any activity, process, function, project, product, service or asset. Monitoring and reviewing risk are key elements of the process, as are recording and reporting the results appropriately.
The purpose of this study was to examine physical workloads associated with manual lifting activities and to translate the academic research into effective prevention "good practices" for the reduction of injury risks in the construction workplace. Fourteen different construction trades participated, including carpenter, ceiling installer, drywall installer, electrician, fitter, floor finisher, floor tile layer, flooring installer, insulator, laborer, mason, painter, plumber and sod layer.
OSHA publication on methods for preventing musculoskeletal (MSD) injuries in foundry operations and tasks.
Universal design is the "design of products and environments to be usable by all people, to the greatest extent possible, without the need for adaptation or specialized design" (Connell, et al, 1997).
The aging population, permanently or temporarily disabled, larger and smaller people, expectant mothers, and children and teenagers all have their own unique demands that need to be considered when designing products or environments. So how can we be inclusive of all people, including those outside the confines of a normal, healthy adult, in our ergonomic approach? The answer is universal design.
The Body of Knowledge project is dedicated to creating a living reference that represents the collective knowledge of the Safety, Health and Environmental profession. While the preliminary work has begun, there is still more to do. The purpose of this website is to introduce subject areas that will eventually be part of the Body of Knowledge, and to gather feedback on the future direction, and ongoing assessment of what needs to be completed.
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