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Ergonomic programs often lack resources: people, time and money. Part of the problem is
demonstrating the financial return of ergonomic improvements and ergonomic programs.
•OSH professionals can measure the value of improved workplace ergonomics in more ways than
the traditional reduction of injury costs. Improved productivity, quality and employee retention can
provide greater returns.
•This article shares various models of cost justification and the elements of determining the
return on investment, and provides guidance on the investment and results data needed to calculate
Human-centered workplace design is not complex. We just need to know the limits of human strength and movement, understand the perceptual preferences humans have, and apply this knowledge to the
design of machines, material flow, and methods. This cohesion will create work environments that match human capability and ultimately enhance their performance.
This article will review the challenges healthcare organizations face in achieving
significant and long-lasting reductions in injury rates, and will articulate the culture shift that
needs to occur in order to implement a successful safe patient handling program. We will also
present several case studies demonstrating how some hospitals are successfully making this
culture shift and tackling the challenge of training staff on new equipment and procedures.
The Walsh Group has practiced general building construction since its foundation in 1898 by
Matthew Myles Walsh. Currently in its fourth generation of leadership, the firm has been a
family-held business since that time. In order to facilitate national expansion efforts, Walsh
Construction was incorporated in 1949, and Archer Western was incorporated in 1983.
Each company has experience with a wide variety of building, civil, and transportation sectors
including: wastewater and water treatment plants, rapid transit, highway and bridgework,
educational facilities, warehouse/distribution facilities, athletic facilities, correctional facilities,
office, design-build, and more. The greatest concern is the safety of our workforce.
This paper focuses on how BorgWarner and AON Global Risk Consulting have partnered to ensure
all BorgWarner global operations can benefit from collaboration and access to subject matter experts in a cost effective, efficient manner, turbo-charging ergonomic improvements worldwide.
Generally, this diversity includes workers with different anthropometry (size,
shape), capabilities, work experiences, and ethnicities. More importantly, the workforce is also aging and becoming heavier. However, the impact of aging and obesity is typically not considered in traditional ergonomic modeling. This paper explores the potential impact of these factors and proposes several ways to factor these characteristics into ergonomic models.
The process of researching the interaction of physical, psychological and demographic
characteristics of workers and the work environment in order to develop good practices can take
decades. Preliminary research done in recent years suggests the characteristics and demographics of today’s workers have changed significantly and the conclusions, assessment tools and good practices are lagging behind those changes. A new strategy which the authors call "Ergonomic Action Level (EAL)" is needed so good practices anticipate the demographic makeup &
psychophysical capacity of today’s workers and are designed into today’s worksites using
Prevention through Design (PtD) techniques.
The Lockheed-Martin facility in Fort Worth is the primary assembly plant for the new F-35
stealth fighter. The operation represents the largest defense procurement program in history and
the aircraft is essentially the most complex product ever built in mass production. The size and
requirements of the production operation provides a testing ground for new ergonomics
technology. This paper provides an overview of initial activity.
The Risk Assessment approach to ergonomics develops specific criteria to manual material
handling and repetitive jobs, which can be used to evaluate existing job activities before an injury
occurs and evaluate new jobs as they are being considered.
The paper focuses on how two companies used an ergonomic risk assessment
approach to evaluate jobs and tasks that had caused costly musculoskeletal disorders and on other
jobs that presented potential ergonomic risk factors. These companies used a traditional
ergonomic analysis program in the past such as Job Safety Analysis but had little success in
selling management that a problem existed and that ergonomic controls were necessary to reduce
the identified exposures.
This review study addresses
injuries and disorders and
practical solutions in seven
electricians, sheet metal
workers, roofers, ironworkers,
•By identifying risk factors for
these injuries and disorders,
OSH professionals can offer
effective interventions to meet
the challenges that contractors
face in the field.
•The simple good practices
solutions summarized can help
mitigate potential ergonomic
hazards and increase productivity
at construction job sites.
The Body of Knowledge project is dedicated to creating a living reference that represents the collective knowledge of the Safety, Health and Environmental profession. While the preliminary work has begun, there is still more to do. The purpose of this website is to introduce subject areas that will eventually be part of the Body of Knowledge, and to gather feedback on the future direction, and ongoing assessment of what needs to be completed.
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