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Applied Science and Engineering
Cost Analysis and Budgeting
Benchmarking and Performance Criteria
La ergonomía es el estudio de los movimientos y posturas del cuerpo en relación con el desempeño de ciertas tareas. Los factores de riesgo emergen del ambiente de las tareas (condiciones tales como cargas y ritmo de trabajo; controles de equipos y herramientas manipuladas manualmente, en especial de manera repetitiva) y el trabajador individual (acondicionamiento adecuado y calentamiento). Los factores de riesgo pueden desencadenar lesiones agudas como dolor de espalda o enfermedades crónicas como el síndrome del túnel carpiano.
Universal design is the "design of products and environments to be usable by all people, to the greatest extent possible, without the need for adaptation or specialized design" (Connell, et al, 1997).
The aging population, permanently or temporarily disabled, larger and smaller people, expectant mothers, and children and teenagers all have their own unique demands that need to be considered when designing products or environments. So how can we be inclusive of all people, including those outside the confines of a normal, healthy adult, in our ergonomic approach? The answer is universal design.
As secretariat for multiple standards projects, ASSE organizes the committees that develop and maintain the standards, ensures that the revision process is timely and in accordance with ANSI procedures, and publishes the final product of the consensus process. Learn more about standards development in this article.
Falls from ladders are a serious concern in many industries. This study, explored in this article, looks at the effects of acclimation and motivation on lateral reach distances by novice ladder users while standing on 6- and 12-ft stepladders.
This article discusses several studies in connection with woman in the workplace and how demanding jobs may affect their health.
The ergonomic process follows a proven business model for controlling MSD hazards. It involves:
1) Identify risk factors associated with work tasks.
2) Quantify the actual MSD risk severity.
3) Select ergonomic controls to reduce risk severity only after considering opportunities to optimize business factors.
4) Implement the most appropriate control(s).
5) Test the effectiveness of the controls.
6) Repeat the process as additional MSD risk factors are identified. This step provides a continuous ergonomics improvement process.
This article focuses on concepts that will allow SH&E professionals to expand their knowledge and methods to address these broader organizational factors and apply basic macroergonornic principles to reduce risk, improve performance and achieve safety excellence.
The article will discuss methods to:
•develop an approach to identify, understand and address the multiple factors that contribute to accident causation, including physical, psychosocial and organizational issues;
•use surveys to measure and understand perceptions that are related to improving ergonomics and safety;
•expand participation in risk assessment and control through the use of team approaches to driving change in the organization.
This article discusses a presentation that focusd on the process of organizing large-scale office ergonomics improvement projects.
The IH Division Officers feel that it is important to present information from various points of view. Please remember that the opinions expressed herein are not necessarily those of the ASSE.
This article was previously published in the December 6, 1999 issue of LAW WATCH, a legal newsletter from Foley & Lardner, and the opinions expressed are those of the author.
This article focuses on how to use standard ergonomic resolution approaches to deal with ergonomic issues when the impacted employee/client is pregnant.
The Body of Knowledge project is dedicated to creating a living reference that represents the collective knowledge of the Safety, Health and Environmental profession. While the preliminary work has begun, there is still more to do. The purpose of this website is to introduce subject areas that will eventually be part of the Body of Knowledge, and to gather feedback on the future direction, and ongoing assessment of what needs to be completed.
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