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Applied Science and Engineering
Cost Analysis and Budgeting
Benchmarking and Performance Criteria
This article discusses the use of
exoskeleton technology to ergonomically
reduce shoulder overexertion
in employees who extend and raise
•It presents some potential benefits
and safety challenges of using such
technology to simultaneously protect
workers and increase productivity.
•The benefits presented are quantified
from real-life field testing conducted
at a large manufacturing facility and
should help the reader understand the
level of testing and research necessary
to properly evaluate an exoskeleton
technology before introducing it
into a workplace.
What does an ergonomics program look like in your organization? Do you have one?
See how other organizations structure their ergonomics program and metrics in this free report.
Aon surveyed ergonomics and health and safety professionals on the function and effectiveness of Ergonomic programs, including the following:
• Who is responsible for ergonomic programs?
• What is driving ergonomic efforts?
• What is the experience with third-party vendors?
• What metrics are being used and are they effectively measuring efforts and success?
OSHA staff members are often asked, “Why do standards take so long?” In fact, as the
saying goes, if I had a few dollars for each time I have been asked this question, I would be rich.
OSHA is a complex agency involved in various types of work. OSHA staff inspect workplaces;
set enforcement policy; issue guidance; maintain current web pages; develop and deliver
training; administer voluntary programs such as partnerships, alliances and the Voluntary
Protection Programs; conduct oversight of state OSHA programs, consultation agencies and
education centers; and manage and administer in the federal government bureaucracy. The main reason that OSHA standards take so long is because the regulatory process is designed to be slow
Ergonomic programs often lack resources: people, time and money. Part of the problem is
demonstrating the financial return of ergonomic improvements and ergonomic programs.
•OSH professionals can measure the value of improved workplace ergonomics in more ways than
the traditional reduction of injury costs. Improved productivity, quality and employee retention can
provide greater returns.
•This article shares various models of cost justification and the elements of determining the
return on investment, and provides guidance on the investment and results data needed to calculate
Human-centered workplace design is not complex. We just need to know the limits of human strength and movement, understand the perceptual preferences humans have, and apply this knowledge to the
design of machines, material flow, and methods. This cohesion will create work environments that match human capability and ultimately enhance their performance.
ASSE Safety 2015 Proceedings.
ASSE Safety 2014 Proceedings.
The American Society of Safety Engineers (ASSE) offers assistance to both safety professionals
and employers of safety professionals through its on-line resource the Body of Knowledge. This
powerful tool helps users identify best practices to better protect people, property, and the
environment. For professionals in the field seeking resources and guidance, the Body of Knowledge includes checklists, technical papers, presentation information, training material, and program outlines in a variety of formats including web links, Word documents, PDFs, PowerPoint slides, and videos.
The General Duty Clause (GDC), Section 5(a)(1) of the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970, was intended to serve as a “gap filler” to address recognized hazards that the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) has not yet regulated. To establish a violation of the GDC, the Secretary of Labor must prove: (1) that the employer failed to render its workplace free of a hazard which was (2) “recognized” and (3) causing or likely to cause death or serious physical harm and (4) that feasible
means exist to free the workplace of the hazard.
The process of researching the interaction of physical, psychological and demographic
characteristics of workers and the work environment in order to develop good practices can take
decades. Preliminary research done in recent years suggests the characteristics and demographics of today’s workers have changed significantly and the conclusions, assessment tools and good practices are lagging behind those changes. A new strategy which the authors call "Ergonomic Action Level (EAL)" is needed so good practices anticipate the demographic makeup &
psychophysical capacity of today’s workers and are designed into today’s worksites using
Prevention through Design (PtD) techniques.
The Body of Knowledge project is dedicated to creating a living reference that represents the collective knowledge of the Safety, Health and Environmental profession. While the preliminary work has begun, there is still more to do. The purpose of this website is to introduce subject areas that will eventually be part of the Body of Knowledge, and to gather feedback on the future direction, and ongoing assessment of what needs to be completed.
Contribute your knowledge and be a part of something big.